Amsterdam is the capital and the largest city in terms of inhabitants in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The city was founded on October 27, 1275. The oldest building in Amsterdam is the Begijnhof, built in 1425.
A total of 8.863 buildings stand as witnesses of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries in the city area. The fortifications of Amsterdam and the canals built in the 17th century have long been UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Amsterdam - Koningsplein
The chansonnier Jacques Brel sung Amsterdam masterfully in his song "Dans le port d 'Amsterdam ya des marins qui chantent ...". The idea of singing sailors fits in well with Amsterdam's maritime past.
Interesting facts about Amsterdam
Amsterdam stands for an estimated 160 canals, almost 1.300 bridges, 26 public parks, famous sights such as the Royal Palace, the Rembrandt House, the Bloemenmarkt on the Singel and more than 160 coffee shops.
Amsterdam - Montelbaanstoren
Amsterdam - Bethanienstraat
The metropolis is Holland's largest metropolitan area. At the beginning of 2020, the population was given as 905.000, and depending on the counting method, around 2,4 to 3,0 million people live in the greater Amsterdam area. That is around 14 percent of all residents in the Netherlands. The urban area extends over 219 square kilometers. Of this, 165 square kilometers are on land and 54 on water. Statistically, almost 5.150 people live on one square kilometer of land.
The Amsterdam metropolitan area is an important industrial location. Breweries, chemical plants, aircraft and vehicle construction are examples of diverse economic activities. To Rotterdam Amsterdam has the second largest port in the Netherlands and the sixth largest port in Europe. The city is a traditional banking, commercial and service center and international tourism has become an important economic factor. According to Tagesschau, the number of tourist overnight stays in 2019 was almost 22 million.
Houses on Damrak
Sciences and Culture
The city is a university location. Two universities, the Academy of the Arts and various scientific institutions gained importance. Amsterdam has more than 50 museums. Including world-famous institutions such as the Rijksmuseum and the Van Gogh Museum. The city is the seat of two symphony orchestras of world renown. In addition, Amsterdam offers its citizens and visitors a wealth of theaters of all kinds.
Het Muziektheater on Waterlooplein
Amsterdam for cruise passengers
Ocean and river cruise ships call at Amsterdam regularly. The ocean-going ships coming from the North Sea head for the modern cruise terminal in the city center through the 27-kilometer-long Noordzeekanaal. The pier for the river cruise ships is right next door. Amsterdam is one of those cities that is easy to explore on your own on foot, by public transport and by canal boats.
Amsterdam - Cruise Terminal at Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ
Amsterdam - cruise terminal
Holland's metropolis offers much more than can be discovered on a day or two on a ship's berth. We show a selection of the most attractive inner-city destinations under: Amsterdam attractions.
Update July 2023