Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Author Anne Plau

The metropolis of Hong Kong is an interesting travel destination. It is located on the southern coast of the People's Republic of China. Since 1997, it has been a Chinese special administrative region with contractually secured autonomy. This includes, among other things, a free market economy, its own currency and its own laws. Over 7,4 million residents live in Hong Kong in an area of ​​almost 1.100 square kilometers (Census 2021). National languages ​​are Cantonese and English.

Location and importance

Hong Kong is located in the mouth of the Pearl River. In addition to the densely populated districts of Kowloon and Hong Kong Island, the New Territories and 262 islands make up the metropolis of Hong Kong.

From 1843 to 1997, Hong Kong was a British crown colony. In 1997, the British handed over Hong Kong sovereignty to the People's Republic of China. According to the treaty, the democratic market economy system in Hong Kong is supposed to exist alongside China's authoritarian socialist system for at least 50 years. According to the German Foreign Office, the high degree of autonomy has eroded in recent years.

Hong Kong is an important business location and one of Asia's financial centers. Good infrastructure, low taxes and customs duties are the guarantees for trade and finance. The protected natural harbor has always been Hong Kong's gateway to the world. Compete regularly Singapore and Hong Kong for first place as the container port with the highest throughput in the Asian region.

Hong Kong Maritime Museum & Central Pier

Space is tight in Hong Kong. In order to accommodate the growing population, land is being reclaimed by landfills in the sea. But above all, Hong Kong is growing in height. High-rise buildings with up to 60 floors are not uncommon.

Chinese roots and traces of the English

Modern Hong Kong with its glass and steel skyscrapers is home to international corporations and banks.

Still, it should not be forgotten that most of Hong Kong's residents are Chinese. From traditional Chinese medicine to harmonious room design based on Feng Shui, Chinese culture and traditions live on in everyday life.

Ferry pier

There are also traces of Hong Kong's 155 years as a British Crown Colony. Some colonial buildings such as the former Railway Clock Tower, Victoria Harbor or the double-decker tram are reminiscent of the British. Left-hand traffic or English as the national language are also typical.

Hong Kong - the metropolis as a travel destination

The Hong Kong region has a subtropical climate. Winters are relatively dry and mild, while summers are hot and humid. Hong Kong is regularly hit by typhoons, with the main typhoon season being from June to October. Spring, autumn and winter are considered the best travel times. Then it is not too warm and there is little precipitation.

The crime is limited. Hong Kong is usually a very safe place for travelers who are careful about their behavior.

And Hong Kong is clean. Any kind of pollution will be punished. Fines are due, for example, for graffiti sprayers and if you throw away packaging or cigarette butts.

Hong Kong's transportation

Hong Kong International Airport is located on Lantau Island. You can get to the city by train, bus or taxi. The fastest connection is the Airport Express, which takes 25 minutes to Kowloon or Hong Kong Island.

The transport network in Hong Kong is excellent. There are subways and suburban trains with high frequency, plus buses and minibuses, the trams from colonial times and not to forget the ferries from Kowloon to Hong Kong Island and the islands.

Bus stop
Access to Peak Tram
Hong Kong - Kowloon Clocktower

Something special is the Peak Tram, the steepest cable car in the world, which goes from the Tram Station in Hong Kong Central to Victoria Peak in 7 minutes.

There are enough taxis that use taximeters and that are inexpensive compared to Germany.

Hong Kong for cruise passengers

There are two cruise terminals in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Ocean Terminal mainly handles smaller cruise ships. The location at the top of Kowloon is superb: just a stone's throw away from Tsim Sha Tsui Promenade at Victoria Harbor and the Harbor City Shopping Complex. The distances to trains and buses and the Star Ferry are short.

Hong Kong - Kowloon Cruise Terminal

Hong Kong - Kowloon Cruise Terminal

The Kai Tak Cruise Terminal is also located in Kowloon. It was built on the runway of the airport, which closed in 1998. The railways extend around three kilometers into the middle of Victoria Harbor like a natural pier. The cruise terminal was designed by British architect Norman Foster and is considered the most attractive in Asia. It can accommodate and handle two 360 meter vessels.

Hong Kong - Kai Tak Cruise Terminal

Hong Kong - Kai Tak Cruise Terminal

Hong Kong - Kai Tak Cruise Terminal

Hong Kong - Kai Tak Cruise Terminal 

We report on Hong Kong's sights in our article Hong Kong attractions.

Update May 2024

My Shore Excursions Hong Kong