Under the motto Sub Umbra Floreo ("I bloom in the shade") this Central American country is the only one that has to do without direct access to the Pacific. Belize lies in the “shadow” of its neighboring countries.
It borders Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south. During our school days we were allowed to use the former British crown colony under the name British Honduras to get to know.
In prehistoric times the land was populated by Mayans, who created important centers with huge buildings. In the 16th century, the then omnipresent Spanish conquerors tried to take possession of the land. However, the land grab did not go as planned. For many years the country seemed like a lawless area. It was mainly ruled by pirates who plundered the precious wood supplies. Later, from the beginning of the 19th century, the country was de facto placed under British protection. Even later, in the second half of the 19th century, the British Crown Colony was established.
This continued until 1981. In September of that year, the crown released the country into the independence of a parliamentary monarchy. British Honduras was renamed Belize. The head of state is the Queen of England. It is represented locally by a governor general. Belize is a member of the Commonwealth of nations and as the only country in Central America that speaks English.
To get an idea of this state, let's compare its size with that of the federal state of Hesse. In terms of area, Belize slightly exceeds the state of Hesse. In terms of population, however, the countries are worlds apart. Hessen has around 6,1 million inhabitants. Belize, on the other hand, had just 2011 citizens in the 312.000 census. The population density is definitely the lowest in Central America and one of the lowest in the world.
Another country comparison: If you compare Belize to neighboring Mexico, it is obvious that Belize is a poor country that also lacks importance. The dominant economic sector is - as before in colonial times - the timber industry. Belize is best known for its mahogany production. Agriculture is less important, contributing around 20% to the gross domestic product. A growing industry now and in the future is tourism.
In this area, the country benefits from its largely untouched nature. Tropical rainforests cover 40% of the country's area. The landscape worthy of protection has been upgraded and protected from negative influences through the establishment of nature parks and reserves. The variety of plants is said to be enormous. More than 70 species of orchids and over 500 native tree species have been counted in the country. The animal world is also varied and interesting. In the rainforests live u. a. Monkeys, armadillos, jaguars, pumas and tapirs.
The second largest is off the coast Coral reef of the world. It stretches from Cancun in Mexico through Belize to Honduras. Belize also claims 3 out of 4 atolls in the Caribbean. There are also many dream islands off the coast. Water sports enthusiasts, especially divers and snorkelers, get their money's worth in Belize.
According to reports, cruise ships from 17 shipping companies call the port of Belize City, the largest city in the country. The population of the city is given as around 80.000. Other cities only have 10.000 to 15.000 inhabitants each. This also applies to the inland capital Belmopan to. About 80 people live in the city, which is about 14.000 km from Belize.
The most attractive places for cruise tourists are below Belize attractions presented.