The autonomous city of Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and one of the metropolises of South America. The political, commercial and cultural life of the country is concentrated in the metropolis of millions on the Rio de la Plata bay. Around 13 million people live in the metropolitan area. That is almost 30 percent of the entire Argentine population.
Above the roofs of Buenos Aires
City foundation and further development
The Rio de la Plata bay was discovered by Spanish sailors as early as 1516. However, the Indians resident there prevented the conquest. Twenty years later, in February 1536, however, a 1.600-strong Spanish command settled ashore. The occupation lasted just five years, then the settlers had to withdraw as a result of Indian attacks.
It was not until 1580 that another attempt was made to found the city. This time the effort was crowned with success. Almost 200 years later, the viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata was founded under Spanish sovereignty in 1776. Buenos Aires became a residential city. On July 9, 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata declared themselves independent from the motherland. Buenos Aires has been the capital of Argentina since 1880.
Tower of the Cabildo - former seat of government
Buenos Aires - Economy and Transport
Argentina is the second largest economy in Latin America after Brazil. The agricultural and food industries play a key role here. Both areas are strongly export-oriented. Other important segments are the automotive industry, oil refineries and the chemical industry. Many companies are based in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires. The city is also the main seaport in Argentina and the country's commercial center. The natural gas pipelines coming from Patagonia end in the metropolis. Buenos Aires is also a banking center and location for multinational companies.
High-rise buildings in the Madero district
The city has an international and a national airport as well as a well-developed motorway network. There are three ferry connections to Uruguay. The rail network in Argentina is poorly developed. Long-distance traffic is mainly carried out with buses.
Retiro train station
Buenos Aires - Education, Science and the Arts
Argentina has state schools and universities that are free of charge. The Universidad de Buenos Aires was founded in 1821. Over 300.000 students are enrolled at the second largest university in Latin America. Other educational institutions include the National College of Fine Arts, the National Conservatory of Music and the National Technological University. In 1992 the Universidad Nacional de San Martín was established as a reform university.
The “Capital of Tango” hosts high-level cultural festivals. The Teatro Colón is one of the most prestigious opera houses in the world. There is also a diverse landscape of museums and various cultural centers.
CCK - Centro Cultural Kirchner
Buenos Aires - an interesting cruise destination
Cruise ships with the destinations Cape Horn, Ushuaia or Antarctica often make a stopover in Buenos Aires. The stays are often of short duration.
In the cruise terminal of Buenos Aires
Those visitors who start their cruise from Argentina's capital or who end it there and who have some time for the many sights can consider themselves lucky. You can read more about this in our article: Buenos Aires sightseeing.