Charlottetown


“Parva sub ingenti, the little one under the protection of the big one” is the motto of the Canadian maritime province Prince Edward Island (PEI). With an area of ​​only 5.660 square kilometers, PEI is Canada's smallest province.

The island was named after Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the father of the English Queen Victoria. The Atlantic island borders on New Brunswick and the peninsula Nova Scotia. New Brunswick and PEI are separated by the Northumberland Strait.

Seen from the air, the island appears crescent-shaped. Litter, Rolling hills called hills, long, white beaches and large bays give the landscape a lovely character. Several nature reserves were set up to preserve the unique landscape.

Charlottetown - Prince Edward Island - Rolling Hills

According to the 2011 census, more than 140.000 people inhabit the 5.660 square kilometer island. In terms of area, PEI exceeds the dimensions of the largest German island of Rügen by more than six times. Most of the residents live in the island's capital Charlottetown, for these 35.000 inhabitants are named. The grid-like, squeaky clean city gives itself the attribute "A city made for walking". The development of the city was based on a natural harbor formed by the Hillsborough River and two other rivers. To the south of the harbor basin, Hillsborough Bay opens up to Northumberland Strait.

Charlottetown - Prince Edward Island -Charlottetown Harbor

Although the island was discovered by Europeans as early as 1534, permanent settlement operated by the French did not begin until 1720. Port la Joye was called the first French settlement. The French were followed by the English who conquered the island in 1758. Five years later, France officially ceded the island to Great Britain in 1763. After two more years, Charlottetown was founded. The city was named after the Queen of England at the time Sophie Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Charlottetown gained national fame in September 1864, when the accession of several British colonies to the Canadian Confederation was negotiated. On July 1, 7, PEI definitely joined the Canadian Confederation. At the present time the island is administratively divided into three districts. The names of the districts reflect the traditions of the British Crown with "Kings County", "Prince County" and "Queens County".

Charlottetown - Prince Edward Island - Memorable

Charlottetown is of great importance as the administrative center of the city, state and Canadian federal authorities within the region. The city is also the bishopric of the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches. In addition, Charlottetown lives from tourism, trade and light industry. The province is with the University of Prince Edward Island University location. In addition, the Holland College still maintain a technical college.

Charlottetown - Prince Edward Island - Province House

PEI is one of Canada's major agricultural areas. It is no coincidence that the island is called the “garden of the gulf”. The humid continental climate with mild summers and moderate, snowy winters in the area of ​​the St. Lawrence Gulf is very beneficial for agriculture. The “garden” produces about 1/3 of Canada's potato needs. In addition, extensive strawberry fields and huge corn plantations were created. An important branch of industry is fishing. There are abundant deposits of lobsters, oysters and mussels in the region.

Charlottetown - Prince Edward Island - Fishing Port

For a long time, Prince Edward Island was only accessible by plane and three regular ferry lines. Since June 1, 1997, the 12,9 km long toll connects Confederation Bridge the island with mainland Canada.

Charlottetown - Prince Edward Island - Confederation Bridge

There are also seasonal ferries and cruise ships. We will report shortly what their passengers can do on PEI and in Charlottetown under Charlottetown - Sights and under A day in Charlottetown on Prince Edward Island.

 

 

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