Colon / Panama

PanamaPanama's Motto "Pro Mundi Beneficio" (For the good of the world) Hits the nail on the head. Of the Panama Canal, with which the country is commonly associated, is a boon to the world's shipping.

Instead of huge detours around the often uncomfortable and extremely dangerous Cape Horn To have to do, or to sail through the Strait of Magellan, ocean-going vessels choose the channel that carries the Caribbean sea in the north with the Pacific Ocean connects in the south. The route from New York to San Francisco can, as can be read, be shortened by the passage of the canal from 30.000 km to around 10.000 km.

Panama - Gatun Lock on the Panama Canal

Panama - low tide on the Pacific

Panama is the narrowest part of the Central American land bridge. The country borders in the west Costa Rica and in East to Colombia. 75.517 million people live on 3,3 km², which is slightly more than the area of ​​Bavaria. Most Panamanians live in the densely populated areas of the Pacific region and around the canal zone.

The bird's eye view gives an idea of ​​the country's varied geography. That is remarkable Cordillerasthat crosses Panama from west to east. Her highest mountain at 3.477 m is the volumeán barú. In the north-west of the country lies the archipelago in the Caribbean Sea Bocas del Torowhose beaches are popular with tourists. The peninsula juts out on the Pacific side azuero far in the Pacific Ocean inside. In this area, pastures and agricultural areas predominate. In the subsequent Canajagua mountain country the erosion has formed unusual cone-like hills. The national park is located in the southwest of Panama sarigua, an 8.000 hectare semi-desert. Dense jungle grows in the east of Panama, in the province Darien.

Panama's coastline is rugged. Bays and fjord-like cuts shape the landscape. Small and medium-sized rivers run through the country. However, because of the specific nature of the land, large rivers could not develop. The country's great lakes are remarkable. Especially worth mentioning here Lake Gatunwhich is part of the Panama Canal, as well as that far east of Panama City situated Lake Bayano.

The dream of every cruise tourist is to cross the 82 km long Panama Canal with the cruise ship. Friends who have experienced the passage are full of praise for the varied canal trip and the admirable lock technology. The rest of us who do not pass the canal must be satisfied with the two cities that mark the canal access. The northern access is at Colón and the southern access is at Panama City.

Panama - Ships off Colon

Panama - Plaza de la Independence

Cruise ships often call at Colón on their journeys through the Caribbean Sea. The city in the north of Panama lives up to its name Christopher Columbus'. The second largest city of Panama is an important port and trading center as well as an important tourist destination because of the canal locks. Colón obtained the status of a free port and free trade zone in 1953. It should be assumed that the capital of the province of Colón is prospering with a good 200.000 inhabitants. But this is not the case. Since the late 1960s, Colón's economy went downhill. The port underwent major changes with the introduction of freight containers, as many jobs in the port were lost. The unemployment rate is said to be an incredible 40%. The poverty rate is said to be stifling and the crime rate high. This has led to the fact that travel guides advise against visiting Colón.

Huge international investments made in the commercial port, the hotel industry, the energy industry and the refineries give the city hope for the future. As a result of the new construction of the cruise port Collar ón 2000 and the Pier 6 in the district Cristóball Cruise ships are increasingly calling at the city's port again. What there is to see at the Colón stop, we report under Sights.

Panama - Cruise Ships in Colon



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