The county of Cornwall is located in the extreme southwest of England, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel and the Celtic Sea. The sparsely populated landscape with spectacular cliffs, sandy beaches and historical sights is a tourist destination of importance. Rosamunde Pilcher lived in Cornwall, and in her novels she created a literary monument to the landscape and its inhabitants.
Falmouth - then and now
The county of Cornwall is considered a poor part of the United Kingdom. For a long time, fishing and tin mining were Cornwall's economic pillars.
Falmouth held a special position in the county for a long time. The ideal geographical and nautical conditions that the region offered were recognized as early as the Tudor times. Falmouth Harbor and Carrick Roads, an elongated bay, form the third largest natural harbor in the world. The notorious King Henry VIII had Pendennis Castle built at Falmouth around 1540. The fortress was intended to repel French and Spanish invasions. Together with St Mawes Castle opposite, it dominated the approach to Falmouth. In the middle of the 18th century there were up to 350 seagoing sailing ships in the Carrick Roads at the same time. Falmouth and its port were of great importance to the maritime economy at that time.
Falmouth - St Mawes
The port lost its importance in the 19th century, but a shipyard secures the income of many people. With three dry docks, it is the largest ship repair company in the UK. Falmouth is also a university town. Falmouth University offers arts, design and media studies courses to students from around the world.
Falmouth shipyard with cruise ship MS Astor
Falmouth - climate
Falmouth is on the Gulf Stream. This ensures a moderate, maritime climate with a lot of rainfall. The Cornwall weather allows Mediterranean and subtropical plants to thrive in sheltered locations. The exotic plants collected by English captains all over the world found a new, sheltered home in large private gardens.
Falmouth - a tourist destination
In the course of time the gardens were converted into public parks and opened for inspection. These parks, several sandy beaches, the attractive hinterland and last but not least pensions and hotels attract many visitors to this outskirts of England every year.
Falmouth - the Gyllingvase Beach
Falmouth - cruise ship destination
In 2019, a total of 149 cruise ships called at Falmouth. Among them were the Oasis of the Seas and the Allure of the Seas, two of the largest cruise ships in the world. The ships and their guests come because of the charming landscape and beautiful gardens of Cornwall.
Update - July 2020