Grenada, the southernmost of the Islands over the wind was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1498 and conceptón called, which means as much as conception. It is possible that Columbus was just dropping by Grenada on December 8th, the feast day of the Immaculate Conception of Mary. The group of Grenadines scoring island lies between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
The distance to the coast of Venezuela is about 200 km. Several islands make up the 344 km² island state, 310 km of which are on the main island of Grenada.
Grenada's coastline appears rugged. The landscape is mountainous. Which is not surprising, since the island is of volcanic origin. The highest elevation that Mount Saint Catherine, is given as 840 meters. The climate of the green island is tropical and mild. In the dry season from January to May, however, Grenada is easy to bear.
Historically, Grenada was under both Spanish and French rule before it received its current political status. In 1763 the archipelago was ceded to the United Kingdom. The French later recaptured the islands. Grenada was finally given to Great Britain in 1783.
Politically, Grenada belongs together with some neighboring islands to the Commonwealth of nations. The head of state is the Queen of England. This is represented by a governor. The government is subordinate to the head of government. The island state is divided into 7 administrative districts (parishes), including the secondary area Carriacou. Capital is St. George's in the southwest of the island. Other well-known cities in Grenada are Grenville and Gouyave. About 108.000 people live in the state, including about 37.000 in St. George's.
The country can be described as one of the poorer countries in the Caribbean region. According to the German Foreign Office, the per capita gross domestic product was US $ 2010 in 6.918. The main source of income is tourism. Above all, cruise tourism has had a positive effect on the income situation. Agriculture also makes an important contribution to the national product. Grenada is known worldwide as a manufacturer of spices. Cinnamon, cloves, ginger and nutmeg thrive on the island. The nutmeg is the island's main export item. Grenada covers twenty percent of world nutmeg consumption. It is not surprising that the nutmeg is part of the country's flag.
Grenada - The flag with the nutmeg