Quebec


With an area of ​​almost 10 million square kilometers, Canada is 28 times the size of Germany. Statistically, not even four people live in one square kilometer.

On the north bank of the St. Lawrence River, in City of Québec, on the other hand, people live far less isolated. A little more than half a million people live in the six arrondissements of the capital of the province of the same name, and three quarters of a million people can be expected in the metropolitan region of Québec.

 Québec - Saint Lawrence River

Québec - Saint Lawrence River


The city was built on the spot where the river narrows sharply. The high plateau proved to be strategically advantageous for the defense of the city Colline de Quebec, which towers almost 100 meters above the river and on which the Upper City of Québec lies today. British troops repeatedly attacked the city, which was a French colony in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was not until 1759 that the British succeeded in defeating the French defenders on the Plaines d'Abraham. In the “Peace of Paris” (1763), France ceded the entire province of Canada, including the city of Québec, to Great Britain.

Québec - Plaines d'Abraham

Quebec - Plaines d'Abraham


This ended the French era in North America, which originally began with the establishment of a trading post under Samuel de Champlain on July 3, 1608. The establishment of the lower city is on him Old Quebec back. In the district are the Old Port and the Place Royalethat drove urban development. The Place Royale is named after the Sun King Louis XIV, whose statue has been on the area since 1686.

Québec - Place Royal

Québec - Place Royal


The Upper Town The above-mentioned upper town is mainly home to the important, representative buildings in Québec. The facade of the luxury hotel that dominates the upper town cannot be overlooked Château Frontenac as well as the one below Terrace Dufferin. Paths lead from here to the lower town and the Plains d'Abraham. Other buildings worth seeing are the cathedral basilica Notre Dame de Quebec, Hôtel du Parlement du Quebec and the star-shaped Citadelle de Quebec as part of the fortress wall. Québec is the only city in North America whose old town has been ennobled with the title of UNESCO World Heritage Site. The funicular Funiculaire du Vieux-Québec connects the lower with the upper town by the shortest route.

Québec - Terrasse Dufferin with the Chateau Frontenac

Québec - Terrasse Dufferin with the Chateau Frontenac


The provincial capital Quebec has a wide range of tasks. It is the administrative center of the province. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Québec, the oldest Roman Catholic diocese north of Mexico, and the Diocese of Québec of the Anglican Church of Canada. The city is an important university location and center of cultural life.

Quebec - Hotel du Parlement du Quebec

Quebec - Hotel du Parlement du Quebec


Québec is known for its wood industry and power generation. Agriculture is of supraregional importance. Tourism is an essential economic factor. This branch of the economy alone provides a livelihood for more than 140.000 people. Thanks to good international transport connections, the city is a regular venue for congresses and meetings. It has a beautiful train station and in the urban area the transport network is well organized thanks to the écolobus and Métrobus systems.

Québec - Métrobus stop

Québec - Métrobus stop


Québec is a remarkably clean, well-kept and European-looking city. Cruise ships visit the city regularly during the season. The ships dock in two port areas. Especially to be envied are those guests whose ships are moored at the main terminal below Château Frontenac overnight.

Québec - Main Cruise Terminal with MS Veendam

Québec - Main Cruise Terminal with MS Veendam


The city on the St. Lawrence River has a lot to offer ship guests. What there is to see and do in Québec, we report about it under Québec - Attractions and A day in Québec.

 

 

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