A day on St. Kitts


When the cruise ship arrives at the pier in Port Zante on St. Kitts the passengers can be sure to join shortly afterwards St. Kitts and Nevis to visit the smallest nation on the American continent. St. Kitts measures a maximum of 37 km in length and 8 km in width. The land area is just 168 km². The inhabited neighboring island of Nevis has an area of ​​93 km².

St. Kitts - Basseterre - Cruise ships in Port Zante

St. Kitts - Basseterre - Cruise ships in Port Zante


The colonization of the Caribbean islands started from St. Kitts in the early 17th century. An important symbol the colonial era is that located 243 meters above sea level and developed over the course of about 100 years Brimstone Hill Fortress. The citadel is one of the most important fortresses in the entire Caribbean. It is part of the indispensable tour program of the cruise ships. Those guests who appreciate the group experience less and prefer individual tours instead use taxis. Their drivers also head for the fortress and the other destinations along the way.

St. Kitts - access to Brimstone Hill Fortress

St. Kitts - access to Brimstone Hill Fortress


We, a German and an English couple, decided to take any taxi after leaving the cruise terminal. As so often before, we met a driver on St. Kitts who spoke with pride about his island and who was concerned to show us tourists the essentials and explain them.

The distances on St. Kitts are short. There are less than 20 kilometers between the cruise port of Basseterre and the Brimstone Hill Fortress. On the way there is generally first on bloody river held. bloody point and bloody river are two stigmas in the history of the island. As soon as the settlement of the island began in 1623, its indigenous and militant inhabitants feared for their future. They rehearsed the uprising in 1626 by sending not only their own fighters but also those from neighboring islands into the field. British and French troops put down the revolt in a joint action. The island's history speaks of a massacre in which 24 of the Kalinago natives lost their lives within 2.000 hours. At both of these places, the events are commemorated with picture boards.

St Kitts - Bloody River

St Kitts - Bloody River


Not far away Old Road Town. The small town arose after the first English colonists settled there. For the sake of simplicity, the place has been declared the capital of the island. It was not until 1727 that Basseterre was transferred to the capital. In the Saint Thomas Anglican Church the leader of the settlers, Sir Thomas Warner, was buried.

St Kitts - St Thomas Anglican Church in Old Road Town

St Kitts - St Thomas Anglican Church in Old Road Town


The country houses on the mountainside follow the church Wingfield Estate and Romney Manor. Wingfield Estate is described as the first functioning tobacco and sugar cane plantation on the island. Conveniently enough sugar cane grew to produce rum from it. Parts of the facilities and buildings are shown to visitors. The place is also the starting point for a zipline train.

St. Kitts - Wingfield Estate - Bell Tower St. Kitts - Wingfield Estate - Refreshment Stand

 

St. Kitts - Wingfield Estate - Park Area St. Kitts - Wingfield Estate - Park with a trumpet tree

The neighboring one Romney Manor and his garden once belonged to an ancestor of the 3rd American President, Thomas Jefferson. In the early 1700s, successors to the English nobleman Earl of Romney acquired the property, which was subsequently jointly managed with Wingfield Estate. Visitors with enough time can take a look at the attached 2½ hectare botanical garden full of tropical flowers and plants. The attraction of the garden is a gnarled 350 to 400 year old rain tree. In the buildings of Romney Manor today from Caribelle batik beautiful batiks made and sold on site.

St. Kitts - Tower of Romney Manor St. Kitts - Romney Manor - The old rain tree

St. Kitts - Romney Manor - Park St. Kitts - Romney Manor - Park

The highlight of the tour is the nearby fortress Brimstone Hill Fortress. We have already described this under St. Kitts attractions. We save repetition at this point. - Although it had started to rain, the extensive facility was worth a visit. It seems even bigger to us than the already huge fortress La Fortaleza in San Juan / Puerto Rico. The altitude of Brimstone Hill (243 meters above sea level) should offer fantastic views of the distant Caribbean islands when visibility is good. Despite the limited visibility due to the rain, we could still see the one about 40 km away Saba Island see. Your 877 meter tall Mount Scenery cannot be overlooked.

St. Kitts - access to Brimstone Hill Fortress St Kitts - Brimstone Hill Fortress - Western Place of Arms St. Kitts - Brimstone Hill Fortress - looking west St Kitts - Brimstone Hill Fortress - Magazine Bastion St Kitts - Brimstone Hill Fortress - Prince of Wales Bastion St Kitts - Brimstone Hill Fortress - Orillon Bastion

The tour by taxi took just under three hours. It ended with a tour of the well-arranged island capital Basseterre and corresponding explanations from our driver. We would have had enough time to explore the beaches in the southwest of the island and the one opposite Nevis Island to see. Instead, we decided to take a tour of Basseterre.

The few sights of the city are all within walking distance of the cruise terminal. A city tour is like a walk.

Churches are part of our standard sightseeing program. Every cathedral on the way is visited. The is on Independence Square in St. Kitts Basseterre Co-Cathedral of Immaculate Conception, its general Church of the Immaculate Conception. The house of God is of more recent origin. It was consecrated on December 6, 1928. Basseterre's main church lacks the opulent dimensions of European cathedrals, but it was enough for a spacious central aisle and two aisles.

St. Kitts - Basseterre - Co-Cathedral St. Kitts - Basseterre - Co-Cathedral - Church interior

The cathedral is adjacent to the independence square. The originally Pall Mall Square The tree-lined green space was renamed Independence Square in 1983 after St. Kitts was granted political independence. The roughly 1 hectare rectangular park was the transshipment station for newly arrived slaves in the 18th century. In the center of the complex is a fountain decorated by three allegorical women and a child. With this fountain the original fresh water supply of the capital was realized from 1855 on.

St Kitts - Basseterre - Independence Square St Kitts - Basseterre - Independence Square

St. Kitts - Basseterre - Fountain in Independence Square; behind the cathedral St. Kitts - Basseterre - Fountain in Independence Square with allegorical figures

Northwest of Independence Square is on Cayon Street St. George's Anglican Church. Jesuits built a church on their site during the brief French occupation of Basseterre. It burned down in 1706 when English and French troops fought over the city. It stood to reason that after England's victory over the rival French, a spacious Anglican church would be built in place of the Jesuit church.

St. Kitts - Basseterre - St. George's Anglican Church

St. Kitts - Basseterre - St. George's Anglican Church


Near the port is located The Circus. Patriotic islanders of English origin remembered their origins and built Victorian-style houses around a square modeled on London's Piccadilly Circus. The square was named "The Circus" for the sake of simplicity. Four streets lead to the square. That is in the middle Berkeley Memorial. The monument is a fountain and a clock tower at the same time. It is said to be sent to Thomas BH Berkeley, one of the presidents of the General Legislative Council . remember

St Kitts - Basseterre - Berkeley Memorial

St Kitts - Basseterre - Berkeley Memorial


At the Circus in 1894 the Old Treasury Building built. The representative building with the mighty gate has housed the since 2002 National Museum. The intention of its supporters was to preserve the identity of the island and to promote the national pride of the citizens.

St Kitts - Basseterre - National Museum

St Kitts - Basseterre - National Museum


We keep wondering who should buy the masses of jewelry, fine watches and the many other branded items on all the Caribbean islands. Anyway, in Basseterre on St. Kitts there is a row of shops in front of the yellow port building of Port Zante with many shops whose owners aim for the Yankee dollar.

St. Kitts - Basseterre - row of shops in front of the harbor entrance

St. Kitts - Basseterre - row of shops in front of the harbor entrance


St. Kitts is a lovely destination. We hope that a cruise ship will take us there again so that we can take a trip on the St Kitts Scenic Railway through the abandoned sugar cane plantations and a visit to the beaches.

St. Kitts - Basseterre - harbor entrance

St. Kitts - Basseterre - harbor entrance